V 160. Kachi-Kalyon. Building inscription of Soterikos and Cosmas, XIII–XVth centuries C.E.
Covered with limewash.
Place of Origin
West sector, St. Sophia cave-church, nave, western wall.
1895, survey of Yu.A. Kulakovsky.
Institution and inventory
In situ, no inventory number.
On the front.
Lapidary; letters uneven. Alpha with a loop, nu minuscule. Abbreviations.
XIII–XVth centuries C.E.
L1. Latyshev 1896, 62, № 53; 2. Latyshev 1901, 76; 2.1. Vinogradov 2011, 234–236, № 10.
<div type="edition" xml:lang="grc"> <ab> <lb n="1"/>Ἐ<unclear>κ</unclear>αλι<unclear>ε</unclear>ρ<lb n="2" break="no"/>γίθι ὁ ναὸς <lb n="3"/>τοῦ <roleName>θεοῦ</roleName> <g ref="#dipunct"/> ὁ τάφος, <lb n="4"/>ὃν τ᾿ ἅμα <unclear>ὁ</unclear> <unclear>Σο</unclear>τίρι<lb n="5" break="no"/>κος, ὁ Κοσμᾶς <expan><abbr>πρ</abbr><ex>εσβύτερος</ex></expan>. </ab> </div>
1-2: Ἐκαινίσθ(η) Latyshev
3-5: ἔτ(οὺς) ς.ν´, τοῦ μ(ηνὸς) Α[ὐγούσ]το[υ]· ὁ ἅ(γιος) Κοσμᾶς Latyshevom.
The church of God was decorated; this grave, which together Soterikos and Cosmas, presbyter, [set up].
Editio princeps was prepared on the basis of a photograph, preserved in the collection of the Archive of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg Branch (f. 110, op. 1, d. 98, l. 288 v.). The photo published here is at the Photo Archive, Institute for History of Material Culture, Russian Academy of Sciences (II–1213; О.267.46; it was kindly brought to my attention by S.V. Kharitonov).
1-3. The formula is not otherwise attested in the Northern Black Sea region, but is known from Jerphanion 1936, № 182 (1006 C.E.), 186 (1060–1061 C.E.), and preceded by ἀνεκαινίσθη or ἀνηγέρθη, it is known in Beševliev 1964, № 78 (1042–1050 C.E.) and Grégoire 1929, № 51 (Pergamon, 1544–1545 C.E.), as well as in Vinogradov 2011b (Anakopia in Abkhazia, Xth century C.E.), and it is noteworthy that in the Cappadocian examples it refers to the decoration of a church, and in that from Abkhazia - to the rebuilding of a church. Also of note is the fact that the closest analogy for our formula is found in Cappadocia, the region which also provides parallels for our church's architecture (Vinogradov, Gaydukov, Zheltov 2005, 75).
4-5. The name Soterikos (here Soterichos), also known in Crimea from V 149 (this might even be the same person), is attested in Christian epigraphy (Yorke 1898, 324, № 42, Nikopolis in Armenia Minor; Mitchel 1982, № 130, Hermiai in Galatia), as well as in Tanais (CIRB 1279 (225 C.E.), 1282 (221 C.E.)). On the name Cosmas, see commentary to V 237. On the abbreviation of "presbyter" in Late Byzantine Crimea, see V 122, V 202 and V 218.
Line 6 reproduced on Latyshev's drawing cannot be read from the photograph.