V 335. Tamatarcha (?). Epitaph of Constantine, XIII–XIVth century C.E.
H. 173.0, W. 59.0, Th. 18.0.
Panel in secondary use, with a Totenmahl relief, an inscription dated to 308 C.E. in honour of Marcus Aurelius Andronicus (CIRB 1051) and tamga-shaped sign in the bottom right of the front. The top is sawed off, the relief is weathered.
Place of Origin
February 1830, chance find.
Saint Petersburg, Russia.
Institution and inventory
The State Hermitage, Т.1830.1.
On the lower part of the slab below the Roman inscription.
Lapidary. Alpha with slanting crossbar, delta with extended horizontal raised to mid-letterheight, lunate and rectangular epsilon, lambda with capping horizontal bar, mu with Y-shaped middle, diamond-shaped omicron, rectangular sigma. Ligature omicron-upsilon.
XIII–XIVth century C.E.
L1. Stefani 1854, № 28; 1.1. CIG IV.9287; 2. IOSPE I2 363; 2.1. Latyshev 1896, 109–110, № 100; 3. КБНCIRB 1051а.
<div type="edition" xml:lang="grc"> <ab> <lb n="1"/>Ἐνθάδε κα<lb n="2" break="no"/>τάκυτε ὁ <lb n="3"/>δοῦλος τοῦ <lb n="4"/><roleName>θεοῦ</roleName> Κων<lb n="5" break="no"/>σταντῖ<lb n="6" break="no"/>νος ἱε<lb n="7" break="no"/>ρεὺς <app type="alternative"><lem>καὶ <w part="I">νωμυ</w></lem><rdg><w part="I">καινωμυ</w></rdg></app><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/> </ab> </div>
7: νάννης ? Stefani; νωμ[ικός Boeckh; Νι[.]ΜΑ[-]
Here lies a servant of God, Constantine, a priest and...
N.N. Murzakevich (1844, 626) was the first to mention the inscription in print.
1–4. On the formula, see Introduction IV.3.F.d.
4–6. On the name Constantine, see commentary to V 32.
6–7. Priests ("presbyters") are also mentioned in V 32 and V 61 from Cherson (see commentaries). Our inscription is the only example of a presbyter's tombstone in Bosporus (the meaning "bishop" for ἱερεὺς is unlikely here): he was most likely a cleric of the Tamatarcha bishopric, known up until the XIVth century (Darrouzès 1981, 196). The inscription therefore most probably originates in Tamatarcha. Of all possible restorations of the last word, which signifies an office, νομικοταβουλάριος "scribe of the court" and νομιμάριος "guardian of the law" or καινομίκτης «peacemaker» make the best sense (Trapp 1994, 733, 1083). In combination with hiereus, only νομικός is attested (this has been observed already by Boek) - inscriptions of the XIV-XVth centuries and of 1513 C.E. from Cyprus; Stylianou 1960, 107, 116).
The script of the inscription displays several archaic features, possibly due to the imitation of the inscription of Marcus Aurelius Andronicus (CIRB 1051) on the same stone (rectangular epsilon and sigma, diamond-shaped omicron), while delta with extended horizontal raised to mid-letterheight is known in the Northern Black Sea region only from the XIVth century onwards (cf. V 124, V 176). In Byzantine and Slavic epigraphy, this letter shape is unknown before the early XIIIth century (cf. also the shape of alpha).