V 334. Tamatarcha (?). Dedication of an unknown, XIII–XVth centuries C.E.
H. 37.0, W. 27.0, Th. unknown.
Broken off on the left.
Place of Origin
Unknown, before 1941
Institution and inventory
On the upper part of the panel.
Lapidary. Mu with T-shaped middle, angular omicron and rho. Abbreviation marks.
XIII–XVth centuries C.E.
L1. Rozanova 1947, 173–174, № 1.
<div type="edition" xml:lang="grc"> <ab> <lb n="1"/>Τῇ <expan><abbr>μ</abbr><ex>ητ</ex><abbr>ρὶ</abbr></expan> τοῦ <expan><abbr>κ</abbr><ex>υρίο</ex><abbr>υ</abbr></expan>. </ab> </div>
To the Mother of the Lord.
Prior to 1941, the monument was stored at the belltower of the Pokrov Church at Taman. Rozanova's publication is our only source of information about the monument. The panel, according to Rozanova, was in secondary use; two letters, psi and kappa, survived from the original inscription.
Rozanova dated the inscription to the IVth century on the basis of script, which in her opinion was similar to that of the II-IIIrd centuries, however, it is quite clear that the ligature μ(ητ)ρὶ and mu with T-shaped middle militate against such a date; rather, ornate lettershapes (large serifs for kappa and tau, angular rho) suggest a Late Byzantine date.
The formula seems to suggest that we have a dedication to the Mother of God, but the exact function of the inscription is impossible to determine. The descrition of the Mother of God as "Mother of the Lord" is essentially unique in Byzantine epigraphy.
© 2015 Andrey Vinogradov (edition), Irene Polinskaya (translation)
You may download this inscription in EpiDoc XML. (This file should validate to the EpiDoc schema.)