V 319. Bosporus. Epitaph of Theodote, 1065 C.E.
H. 11.0, W. 21.5, Th. 2.6.
Front is polished. Left side is broken off, chipped along the edges.
Place of Origin
Saint Petersburg, Russia.
Institution and inventory
State Hermitage, ω 1291.
On the front.
Lapidary. Letters are decorated with serifs and elongated. Almond-shaped epsilon, theta and omicron, mu and nu have short central hastae. Ligatures: tau-omicron-upsilon, tau-eta, eta-nu, tau-omega, eta-mu; superscript diacritics, abbreviation marks, irregular aspiration.
L1. Zalesskaya 1988, 207, fig. 10.
<div type="edition" xml:lang="grc"> <ab> <lb n="1"/><supplied reason="lost"><g ref="#stauros"/>Ἐκοιμήθη ἡ</supplied> δούλη τοῦ <roleName><expan><abbr>θ</abbr><ex>εο</ex><abbr>ῦ</abbr></expan></roleName> Θεοδότη <date><expan><abbr>μην</abbr><ex>ὸς</ex></expan> <rs type="month" ref="oct">Ὀκτω<lb n="2" break="no"/><supplied reason="lost">βρίου</supplied></rs> <supplied reason="lost">εἰς</supplied> <supplied reason="lost">τὰ</supplied> <num value="26">κς</num>, <expan><abbr>ἡμ</abbr><ex>έρα</ex><abbr>ς</abbr></expan> <num value="4">δ</num>, <expan><abbr>ἰν</abbr><ex>δικτιῶνος</ex></expan> <num value="4">δ</num>, <expan><abbr>ἔτ</abbr><ex>ου</ex><abbr>ς</abbr></expan> <num value="1654">ςφοδ</num></date> <g ref="#stauros"/> </ab> </div>
2: [εἰς τὴν] κς´, ἡμέρᾳ Zalesskaya
Fell asleep: a servant of God, Theodote, on the 26th of October, Wednesday, in the 4th indiction, in the year 6574.
In 1931, the monument had arrived from Kerch to the State Academy for History of Material Culture, and in 1985 it was transferred to the State Hermitage. The panel was probably meant to be set in a wall near the burial of Theodote. Such funerary plaques are known in the Northern Black Sea region in the X-XIth centuries (cf. V 336).
1.On the formula, see Introduction IV.3.F.e. The name Theodote is known from two Bosporan inscriptions of the I century C.E., however, its absence from Early Byzantine epigraphy of the region suggests its reappearance under Christian influence: 9 saints of this name are known (see Delehaye 1902, 1093).
1-2. October 26, 1065 was indeed Wednesday.
2. It is unlikely that the date of the month would be indicated by εἰς τὴν because there are no such examples in the Northern Black Sea region (cf. V 226), in contast to well attested εἰς τά (V 164, V 167, V 168, V 197, V 201, V 215).
Despite chronological proximity to V 340 (1078 C.E., Taman peninsula), our inscription is quite different in palaeographic features.