V 292. Pantikapaion. Epitaph of Theodore, IV-Vth century C.E.
H. 60.0, W. 53.0, Th. 13.0.
On the front - a cross with forking arms in the top left corner, painted with ochre. Cut at the top.
Place of Origin
Glinishche, garden of Poltavsky.
3 May 1909, chance find.
Institution and inventory
Historical and Archeological Museum of Kerch State Historical and Cultural Preserve, КЛ–547.
May 1999, September 2004, September 2008.
On the front.
Lapidary; letters filled with ochre. Alpha with broken crossbar, delta with leftward projecting right diagonal, rectangular epsilon, omicron, theta and sigma. Ligature: omicron-upsilon (rectangular); abbreviation mark.
IV-Vth century C.E.
L1. Marti 1911, 6–8, № 2; 1.1. Diatroptov, Yemets 1995, № 21.
<div type="edition" xml:lang="grc"> <ab> <lb n="1"/>Ἐνθά<lb n="2" break="no"/>δε κῖ<lb n="3" break="no"/>τε ὁ δοῦ<lb n="4" break="no"/>λος τοῦ <lb n="5"/><roleName>Θεοῦ</roleName> Θεόδ<lb n="6" break="no"/><expan><abbr>ορ</abbr><ex>ος</ex></expan>. </ab> </div>
Here lies a servant of God, Theodore.
Marti reported an inscription on the top side of the monument, cut by the same hand as the main text, but illegible. I was not able to discent any letters there. The archival photograph is preserved at Photo Archive, Institute for History of Material Culture, Russian Academy of Sciences (I–90986; Q.759.91).
1–5. On the formula, see Introduction IV.3.F.d.
Marti dated the inscription to the Early Byzantine period, and Diatroptov and Yemets to the V-VIth centuries. The script is, however, typical of Bosporan tombstones of the IV-Vth centuries (see Introduction IV.2.A.b).