V 273. Pantikapaion. Epitaph of Eutropis, IVth century C.E.
H. 64.0, W. 63.0, Th. 16.0.
On the front - carved cross with flaring arms. Broken virtually on all sides.
Place of Origin
Glinishche, garden of K. Woerle.
Second half of January 1898.
Institution and inventory
Historical and Archeological Museum of Kerch State Historical and Cultural Preserve, КЛ–1740.
May 1999, September 2004, September 2008.
Above the cross.
Lapidary. Alpha with broken crossbar, rectangular (1st) and lunate (2nd-4th) epsilon, kappa both with and without extended vertical, pi with extended horizontal, lunate sigma.
IVth century C.E.
L1. Shkorpil 1900, 59, № 1; 2. КБНCIRB add. 3; 2.1. Diatroptov, Yemets 1995, № 14; 2. Vinogradov 2007, 257, № 3.
2: Χα(ῖρε) Vinogradov; χα´ Shkorpil, Gaydukevich, Diatroptov
Here lies Eutropis. Rejoice.
The inscription was found together with V 291.
1-2. On the formula, see Introduction IV.3.F.d.
2. The name Eutropis (Eutropios) is common in Christian epigraphy - 17 times, according to PHI7 Database (see, e.g., TAM V.2, 1161 (Thyatera), МАМА Х 9 (Ankyra, IV в.)). Also two saints of this name are known (Delehaye 1902, 476, 503). On the transition of endings in -ιος to -ις, see Tokhtasiev 2007.
Following Shkorpil who believed that the "stigma at end of the inscription had been simply as a punctuation mark," all researches have considered the last two letters of the text to be indications of the year according to the Bosporan era. Not a single other inscription, however, contains a year date followed by an S-shaped sign; rather the latter is a typical abbreviation mark, used among others, in Bosporan Christian inscriptions (cf. V 279, V 292). Thus we are led to believe that ΧΑ here is an abbreviation of χαῖρε, typical for funerary inscriprions, including Christian (over 50 times according to PHI7 Database). It is noteworthy that ΧΑ is the most common abbreviation attested in papyri for the typologically indentical greeting χαίρειν. My reading of the inscription has been supported by S.R. Tokhtasiev (2007, 118).