V 228. Mountainous Crimea (?). Epitaph of Kom–yscha, 1413 C.E.
H. 49.0, W. 26.0, Th. 14.0.
On the front - relief cross, ornaments - on the sides. Broken in two parts, broken off at the top and bottom, the surface is chipped.
Place of Origin
Mountainous Crimea (?).
Institution and inventory
Odessa Archaeological Museum, 50449.
Epigraphic field 1
In corners between the arms of the cross.
Jesus Christ is victorious.
The overall design of the monument is similar to Late Byzantine tombstones from Mountainous Crimea. At the same time, we should note that there are no other monuments from this region in the collection of the Odessa Society for History and Antiquities. Two Late Byzantine tombstones from Bosporus can be cited as parallels (V 318, V 320). The latter (including those for women) contain only Greek names, in contrast to this inscription (see below), which in this respect is akin to monuments from Mountainous Crimea. Thus, the question of the panel's origin remains open.
On the formula, see Introduction IV.3.C.e.
Epigraphic field 2
Above and below the cross.
Lapidary. Ligatures: pi-rho, rho-tau.
<div type="textpart" subtype="inscription" n="2"> <ab> <lb n="1"/>Ἐκημήθυ <unclear>ἡ</unclear> δούλ<supplied reason="lost">η</supplied> σου <lb n="2"/>τοῦ <roleName><expan><abbr>θ</abbr><ex>εο</ex><abbr>ῦ</abbr></expan></roleName> Κο<unclear>μ</unclear><gap reason="illegible" quantity="2" unit="character"/>υσχα πρ<supplied reason="lost">ε</supplied> <lb n="3" break="no"/>σβητερίσα <date><expan><abbr>μ</abbr><ex>ηνὸ</ex><abbr>ς</abbr></expan> <rs type="month" ref="mar">Μαρτίου</rs> εἰς τ<supplied reason="lost">ὰ</supplied> <lb n="4"/><num value="28">κη</num>, ἔτους <lb n="5"/><num value="6921">ςϠκα</num></date>. </ab> </div>
Fell asleep: a servant of God, Kom..yscha, presbyterissa, on the 28th of March, in the year 6921.
2–3. On the formula, see Introduction IV.3.F.e.
3. Although the name is not fully preserved, it appears to be non-Greek, which is often the case in Mountainous Crimea. As a comparison, the name Ekoumanes comes to mind (V 136).
3-4. In Byzantium, a presbyterissa was a wife of presbyter (Lampe, s.v.); one is mentioned in a Cyprian inscription of the XIV-XVth century (Stylianou 1960, № 107).