III 122. Chersonesos. Dedication of altar, late IV - 1st half of III century B.C.Е.
H. 38.0, W. 62.0, Th. 55.0.
Rectangular altar with moulded base and cornice (badly damaged). The top surface is slightly inset. All vertical sides are adorned with relief rosettes, bucrania, and laurel garlands swathed with ribbons (partly missing). In secondary use, a bowl-like cutting with jagged edges (Diam. 45,5 cm, depth 19,5 cm) was made in the bottom surface. Three lines of text on the front, asymmetrically arranged (line 1 below the cornice, off-centre, to the right, line 2 between the two rosettes, line below the garland, off-centre, to the left). Subsequently (secondary use in Christian cult?), the inscription was deliberately defaced.
Place of Origin
Uknown; in 1926, the monument was already in the exhibition of the Chersonesos Museum.
Institution and inventory
National Preserve of Tauric Chersonesos, 4809.
Non vidi. The monument is temporarily inaccessible in the National Preserve of Tauric Chersonesos.
On the front.
Alpha with straight crossbar, slightly curved hastae of some letters, slight flaring of the ends of letterstrokes.
Late IV - 1st half of III century B.C.Е.
НЭПХ II (Solomonik 1973) 125.
<div type="edition" xml:lang="grc"> <ab> <lb n="1"/>Ἀρ<unclear>κεσὼ</unclear> Ἱπ<gap reason="lost" quantity="6" unit="character" precision="low"/><unclear>ο</unclear>ς <lb n="2"/>Σ<unclear>ωπ</unclear><supplied reason="lost">ό</supplied>λιο<unclear>ς</unclear> γ<unclear>υν</unclear>ά <lb n="0"/><space extent="unknown" unit="character"/> <lb n="3"/><gap reason="lost" quantity="3" unit="character"/><orig><unclear>αι</unclear></orig> <unclear>Σωτ</unclear><supplied reason="lost">ε</supplied><unclear>ί</unclear><supplied reason="lost">ρ</supplied><unclear>α</unclear>ι. </ab> </div>
Vinogradov 1975, 172; Античная скульптура Херсонеса 1976, 167, № 532; Solomonik 1988, 64.
Leg. ed. pr.
Ἱπ[- c.6 -]ος scripsi (cf. LGPN IV);
Ιπ[....λ[ι]ος ed. pr.
2: ἱε[ρ]ᾶ[ι] ed. pr.; Ἥ[ρ]α[ι] ? Виноградов (на основании фото)
Arkeso, (daughter of) [- - -], wife of Sopolis, (dedicated to) [- - -] Soteira.
Ed. pr. suggested that the appearance of a cult of a goddess characterised as Soteira could be linked to the increase in Scythian pressure on Chersonesos in the III century B.C.E.
On the female name Ἀρκεσώ and its variant Ἀρχεσώ, attested in Chersonesian epigraphy, see Masson 1957, 166; Bechtel, HPN, 84. See also commentary on III 225.