V 63. Cherson. Epitaph of Damianos, Margaret and their children, IV–Vth centuries C.E.
H. 39.5, W. 51.5, Th. 17.0.
Stone cross with flaring arms. Broken in two parts, with missing bottom arm, and some letters effaced.
Place of Origin
Necropolis at Quarantine Bay, Burial vault 1951, outside, in front of the entrance.
1905, excavations of K.K. Kostsyushko-Valyuzhinich.
Institution and inventory
National Preserve of Tauric Chersonesos, 4143.
May 1999, August 2001, September 2002, September 2003, September 2004, September 2005, September 2006, September 2007.
Epigraphic field 1
On the top arm of the cross.
Lapidary. Alpha with crossbar slanting left, rectangular epsilon and sigma, mu with short central hastae, round and diamond omicron, elongated rho.
Epigraphic field 2
On the intersection, crosswise.
IV–Vth centuries C.E.
L1. Latyshev 1906a, 123–124, № 38; 2. Vinogradov 2010, 132–133, № g.
<div type="textpart" subtype="inscription" n="1"> <ab> <lb n="1"/><roleName><supplied reason="lost">Κύρι</supplied>ε</roleName>, ἀν<unclear>ά</unclear>παυσον τ<supplied reason="lost">ὰς</supplied> <lb n="2"/><supplied reason="lost">ψυ</supplied>χὰς τὰς ἐνθά<supplied reason="lost">δ</supplied>ε <lb n="3"/><supplied reason="lost">κ</supplied><unclear>α</unclear>τακιμένας, ἀμήν· <lb n="4"/><supplied reason="lost">Δ</supplied>αμιανοῦ καὶ Μαρ<lb n="5" break="no"/><unclear>γ</unclear>αρίτος καὶ το͂ν <lb n="6"/>τέκνον αὐτο͂ν. </ab> </div><div type="textpart" subtype="inscription" n="2"> <ab> <lb n="1"/>Φῶς, <lb n="2"/>ζωή. </ab> </div>
Lord, grant rest to the souls lying here, Amen: of [D]amianos, Margaret, and their children.2
The monument was on display at the exhibition "Byzantine Cherson" (Chichurov 1991, 28, № 12).
1-3. On the formula, see Introduction IV.3.F.b.
4-5. The names of the deceased are typical Christian names: the man's name is attested in Christian epigraphy of various regions 20 times, according to PHI7 Database, while the woman's name falls into the category of Christian nick-names - "pearl": in the West this epithet was applied to St. Marina; in Byzantine epigraphy it is known in one inscription: I.Eph. 1357.
This inscription originates from a Christian catacomb that contained no grave goods, but was filled to the top with bones (Kostsyushko-Valyuzhinich1907, 94, № 1951). It is possible that originally it was a family tomb of Damianos. On tombstones in the shape of a cross, see commentary to V 61.