V 290. Pantikapaion. Epitaph of Euphrasia, IVth century C.E.
H. 27.0, W. 28.0, Th. 11.0.
H. 24.0, W. 25.0, Th. 11.0.
Latin cross with flaring arms. Broken in three parts, the middle is missing.
Place of Origin
Glinishche, Bratskaya (modern Frunze) Street, house 19, garden of I.G. Chernyavsky.
Late 1896, chance find.
Institution and inventory
Odessa Archaeological Museum, 50371.
Entire surface except the top arm.
Lapidary. Alpha with broken and slanting crossbar and pointy apex, lunate and rectangular epsilon, kappa with extended vertical.
IVth century C.E.
Fr. 1. L1. Latyshev 1904, 89, № 105; 1.1. Diatroptov, Yemets 1995, 16. Fr. 2. L1. Latyshev 1904, 89–90, № 106; 1.1. Diatroptov, Yemets 1995, 85–86, № 16.
<div type="edition" xml:lang="grc"> <ab> <lb n="1"/>Ἐνθάδε <lb n="2"/>κατάκειται <lb n="3"/><unclear>ἡ</unclear> <unclear>δ</unclear><lb n="4" break="no"/><supplied reason="lost">ού</supplied><lb n="5" break="no"/><unclear>λη</unclear> <lb n="6"/>τοῦ <lb n="7"/><roleName><expan><abbr>Θ</abbr><ex>εο</ex><abbr>ῦ</abbr></expan></roleName> Ε<lb n="8" break="no"/>ὐφρα<supplied reason="lost">σία</supplied>. </ab> </div>
3-5: ὁ δοῦλος resp. ἡ δούλη] Latyshev 1904
7-8: Εὐφρά[σιος resp. σία Latyshev 1904
Here lies a servant of God, Euphrasia.
Both surviving parts were acquired from Mrs. Tulman, but not recognised as parts of one monument and published separately. Diatropov and Yemets also see the two fragments as one inscriptions, although mistakenly identifying the monument as panel, on the basis of the publication of Fragment 2. Latyshev failed to notice traces of line 3 on the top fragment, which allows to determine the gender of the deceased, and thus to reconstruct the ending of the name.
1–7. On the formula, see Introduction IV.3.F.d.
7–8. The name Euphrasia is not known in Bosporus, but is attested in Christain inscriptions (e.g., ICUR 7205). In addition, four Christian martyresses of this name are known (see Delehaye 1902, 1087). On tombstones in the shape of a cross, see commentary to V 61.