V 166. Biyuk-Karalez or Eski-Kermen. Epitaph of Tatar-Pees, Tansicha, Tini-Pees and Tansicha, XIII–XVth centuries C.E.
H. 63.5, W. 52.0, Th. 21.0.
The front is planed, and the back is worked. Cut along the edge; top left corner is missing.
Place of Origin
Biyuk-Karalez or Eski-Kermen.
1938. survey of N.I. Repnikov.
Institution and inventory
Bakhchisaray State Historical and Cultural Preserve, М 1/63.
On the front.
Lapidary; rows of letters are carved between incised horizontal lines. Alpha with pointy loop and vertical right hasta; delta and lambda with projecting right hasta, kappa with elongated vertical, minuscule nu, some pi have a T-shaped horizontal, tau with serfs, V-shaped and Y-shaped upsilon; division marks.
XIII–XVth centuries C.E.
<div type="edition" xml:lang="grc"> <ab> <lb n="1"/><supplied reason="lost">Ἐ</supplied>κημίθη ὁ <lb n="2"/>δοῦλος τοῦ <roleName><expan><abbr>θ</abbr><ex>εο</ex><abbr>ῦ</abbr></expan></roleName> <lb n="3"/>Τ<unclear>α</unclear>ταρ-<unclear>π</unclear>έης<g ref="#dipunct"/> κὲ <lb n="4"/><unclear>σ</unclear>η<unclear>νβ</unclear>ύου αὐτ<supplied reason="omitted">ο</supplied>ῦ <lb n="5"/>Τανσιχα <g ref="#dipunct"/> καὶ ὁ <unclear>υἱ</unclear><supplied reason="lost">ὸς</supplied> <lb n="6"/>αὐτοῦ το<unclear>υ</unclear> Τινι-πέ<supplied reason="lost">η</supplied><lb n="7" break="no"/><unclear>ς</unclear><g ref="#dipunct"/> καὶ σ<supplied reason="lost">υμ</supplied><unclear>βή</unclear><supplied reason="lost">ος</supplied> αὐτ<supplied reason="lost">ο</supplied><lb n="8" break="no"/>ῦ του Τανσ<supplied reason="lost">ιχα</supplied>. </ab> </div>
Fell asleep: a servant of God, Tatar-Pees, his wife Tansicha, his son Tini-Pees and his wife Tansicha.
The inscription was found by N.D. Voskresensky. At the Bakhchisaray Historical and Cultural Preserve, there is no independent record of the findspot or of the circumstances of find. Information about the findspot is written on the photo that is preserved at the family archive of Ye.V. Veymarn (this information was kindly provided to me by S.V. Kharitonov and the photograph was made available for consultation by T.E. Sushina).
1–2. On the formula, see Introduction IV.3.F.e.
3-8. The name Tatar was used as a personal name by leaders of the Turkic tribe of Kuns (Cumanians) who arrived in Hungary in 1024 C.E. (see Knyazky 2003, 74).
The onomastic element "bei" (here -pees) (cf. V 224), minuscule nu, as well as the late form αὐτοῦ — του point to a date in the XIIIth-XVth centuries. This monument is undoubtedly a tombstone. Considering that this is the only find from Krasny Mak (former Biyuk-Karalez), we could cautiously suggest that it had orginated in Eski-Kermen (cf. V 224).