I 34. Tyras. Fragment of an epitaph, II-III century C.E.
Marble, white with grayish hue.
H. 11.6, W. 11.0, Th. 1.5-1.9.
Two joining fragments. The front and back are polished, other sides broken off; the back also shows signs of soot.
Place of Origin
In a mixed refuse layer, (Trench A).
Found in 1947, excavations L.D. Dmitrov.
Institution and inventory
Belgorod-Dnestrovsky Regional Studies Museum, А-5833 (1377).
A. I. Ivantchik, August 2006.
On the front. Broken off on all sides, except the top. Either the top margin is no less than 3,5cm or there is vacat in the line above. H. 8.0, W. 10.8
Deeply, but rather sloppily and unevenly cut letters; adorned with small serifs. Alpha with straight or slanting crossbar. Average distance between lines: 2,2cm.
II-III century C.E.
L1. Dmitrov 1952, 62, рис. 4; 2. Karyshkovsky 1959, 122, № 15.
<div type="edition" xml:lang="grc"> <ab> <lb n="0"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="line"/> <lb n="1"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><orig><unclear>Ρ</unclear>ΑΙ</orig><gap reason="illegible" quantity="1" unit="character"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/> <lb n="2"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><supplied reason="lost">γυναῖ</supplied><unclear>κ</unclear>ι Αὐρη<supplied reason="lost">λίᾳ</supplied><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/> <lb n="2a"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="line"/> </ab> </div>
2: ΧΙΑΥΡΗ Karyshkovsky
[- - - for wi]fe Aure[lia- - -]
According to Karyshkovsky (but this might not be correct), in 1959, the inscription was in Kiev, in the collection of the Institute of Archaeology, Academy of Sciences of the Ukranian Soviet Socialist Republic. It would appear the Karyshkovsky did not actually see the inscription. He did not offer restorations, providing only a transcription in majuscule. The inscription is fragmentary, but in line 2, the restoration is quite reliable. The dative form suggests that it was most likely an epitaph, consisting of some common formula, such as e.g. "so and so made this tomb for himself and his wife Aurelia, for their children etc." The character of the monument would support this supposition: a thin marble panel could have served as revetment for a brick or stone wall.