I 15. Tyras.Public inscription, 2nd half of II century C.E.





Marble, grey. 

Additional description

The front was originally polished, but is much damaged due to rubbing, the back and right sides are roughly picked, other sides are broken off. Two non-joining fragments survive, both from the right half of the panel. 

Place of Origin


Institution and inventory

Belgorod-Dnestrovsky Regional Studies Museum, А-7711, КП-7743. 


Dimensions (cm)

H.23.0, W.20.0, Th.6.5.

Find place


Find context

Between the fortress and the bay, on the glacis of the fortress. 

Find circumstances

Found in 1900, during the construction of a pier. 

Modern location

Unkown since 1963; prior to 1941 - at the Odessa Archaeological Museum. 


Non vidi. 


Dimensions (cm)

H.19.7, W.20.0, Th.7.0-7.2.

Find place


Find context

Вuring construction works between the fortress and the modern city, at the beginning of Portovaya (Harbour) street, by the cliffside facing the bay. 

Find circumstances

Found in 1958; received by the museum at the same time. Entered in the inventory ledger on June 7, 1978. 

Modern location



A. I. Ivantchik, August 2006. 

Epigraphic field 1


On the front. The right side is preserved, others are broken off. Margins: right 2,0. Unknown


Letters are shollow, cut over ruled lines. Ligatures. Average distance between lines: unknown. 

Letterheights (cm)


Epigraphic field 2


On the front. Broken off on all sides, except the right. Considerably defaced. H.17.8, W.17.0


Letters are deeply and carefully cut, following ruled lines, still visible on the stone. Some, but not all, letters have serifs. Alpha predominantly with straight, sometimes with broken crossbar; alpha with projecting right hasta. Omega's horizontals tilt upwards, but sometime lie flat. Phi with up and down extended vertical. Ligatures; word divisions in the shape of dots at midpoint in line height. Average distance between lines: 0,5cm. 

Letterheights (cm)




Public inscription 


2nd half of II century C.E. 

Dating criteria



Fr.1. L1. Stern1901, 3, № 2; 2. IOSPE IV, add. n° 452; 2.1. IOSPE I2, 3. Fr.2. L1. Karyshkovsky1963, 102-103, № 1, рис. 1-2. 


[---ε]ιν κατὰ τὴν συνήθει-
[αν---]σια μισθὸν λαμβά-
---]ν οἱ βάρβαροι φορτία
5[---κατ]ακλεῖσαι ἐπὶ τὸ αὔ-
[---]οἱ στρατιῶται ὑπὲρ
[---κατ]ατιθέσθωσαν οἱ τρα-
[πεζῖται?---]ωσαν χαρακτῆρα ἔχον-
---χα]λκοῦν ἢ σιδηροῦν ἢ
10[---]ποιήσαντα ὁ ἑκατον-
[---οἱ ξ]ένοι αὐθημερὸν ἐκκα-
[---ἡμέ]ραις· εἰ δὲ εἶεν ξένοι ἐκ
[---]ἐ̣ν τῷ ἐπιφανεσ̣τ̣[ά-]
[τῳ τόπῳ---]σα ὅθεν ἀναγνωσ-
[---]λ̣ατων σ̣τ̣[ρ]α̣τιώτῃ •
5[---στρα]τ̣ιώτης Ρ̣[..]Ο̣ΤΗΚΑΤΑ̣
[---λ]α̣μ̣β̣αν[---]ας • ΕΙ
[---]σεται τὸ̣ν̣[---]
[---]ς̣ παρ̣ε̣υ̣.[..]Θ̣ΑΙ̣[...]Η̣Τ [. 4.]
10[---]. Σ[..]Ρ[.].Ι̣Υ̣ [---]ΡΑ[. 5.]
[---]Η̣ΡΟΥ̣[---].ΕΠ[. 5.]
[---]Α̣Τ̣[---]..ΟΝ • ΚΑ[. 5.]



EpiDoc (XML)

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<div type="textpart" subtype="fragment" n="2"> <ab> <lb n="1"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><orig><unclear>Ε</unclear>ΙΤ<unclear>ΕΛΕ</unclear></orig><gap reason="illegible" quantity="1" unit="character"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/> <lb n="2"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><unclear>ἐ</unclear>ν τῷ ἐπιφανε<unclear>στ</unclear><supplied reason="lost">ά</supplied> <lb n="3" break="no"/><supplied reason="lost">τῳ</supplied> <supplied reason="lost">τόπῳ</supplied><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><w part="F">σα</w> ὅθεν <w part="I">ἀναγνωσ</w> <lb n="4" break="no"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><w part="F"><unclear>λ</unclear>ατων</w> <unclear>στ</unclear><supplied reason="lost">ρ</supplied><unclear>α</unclear>τιώτῃ <g ref="#stop"/> <lb n="5"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><supplied reason="lost">στρα</supplied><unclear>τ</unclear>ιώτης <orig><unclear>Ρ</unclear></orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="2" unit="character"/><orig><unclear>Ο</unclear>ΤΗΚΑΤ<unclear>Α</unclear></orig> <lb n="6"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><w part="I"><supplied reason="lost">λ</supplied><unclear>αμβ</unclear>αν</w><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><w part="F">ας</w> <g ref="#stop"/> <orig>ΕΙ</orig> <lb n="7"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><supplied reason="lost">ἐ</supplied><unclear>π</unclear>ειδὲ <lb n="8"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><w part="F">σεται</w> τ<unclear>ὸν</unclear><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/> <lb n="9"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><w part="F"><unclear>ς</unclear></w> <w part="I">πα<unclear>ρευ</unclear></w><gap reason="illegible" quantity="1" unit="character"/><gap reason="lost" quantity="2" unit="character"/><orig><unclear>Θ</unclear>Α<unclear>Ι</unclear></orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="3" unit="character"/><orig><unclear>Η</unclear>Τ</orig> <gap reason="lost" quantity="4" unit="character"/> <lb n="10"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><gap reason="illegible" quantity="1" unit="character"/> <orig>Σ</orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="2" unit="character"/><orig>Ρ</orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="1" unit="character"/><gap reason="illegible" quantity="1" unit="character"/><orig><unclear>ΙΥ</unclear></orig> <gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><orig>ΡΑ</orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="5" unit="character"/> <lb n="11"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><orig><unclear>Η</unclear>ΡΟ<unclear>Υ</unclear></orig><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><gap reason="illegible" quantity="1" unit="character"/><orig>ΕΠ</orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="5" unit="character"/> <lb n="12"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><orig><unclear>ΑΤ</unclear></orig><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><gap reason="illegible" quantity="2" unit="character"/><orig>ΟΝ</orig> <g ref="#stop"/> <orig>ΚΑ</orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="5" unit="character"/> <lb n="12a"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/> </ab> </div>
Apparatus criticus

1: ὡρῖσ[αιStern1901
2: ΝΚ, ΗΝ, ΝΗ in ligatura
4: [νεινStern1901
6: [τὸStern1901; [ριον? LatyshevIOSPE ΠΕ in ligatura
7: ]α τιθέσθωσανStern1901
8: τιθέσ]θωσανStern1901 ΗΡ in ligatura
9: [τα vonStern1901 ΝΗ in ligatura
10: ΝΤ in ligatura
11: [τάρχης? LatyshevIOSPE; ]εν αὐθήμερον ἐκ κα-Stern1901 ΝΕ in ligatura 2: ΝΤ, ΝΕ in ligatura
11: ΗΡ in ligatura


Frag. 1. [- - -] according to custom [- - -] recei[ve - - -] payment [- - -] the barbarians goods [- - -] to close/conclude [- - -] warriors [- - -] let pay down bank[ers? - - -] havi[ng - - -] stamps (coins?) [- - -] bronze or iron, or [- - -] made; hundred[- - - fo]reigners on the same day [- - -] if there were foreigners [- - -]

Frag. 2. [- - -] in the most promin[ent place - - -] whence [- - -] to the warrior [- - -] warrior [- - -] take [- - -] since [- - -]



A suggestion that the two fragments belong together belongs to Karyshkovsky (1963, 103). Unfortunately, it is impossible to affirm or dispute this suggestion in the absence of Fargment 1, which is probably lost. Since its discovery and until WWII, the fragment was stored at the Odessa Archaeological Museum. At the beginning of 1960s, according to Karyshkovsky (1963, 103), it was already missing, and it is safe to assume it had been lost during the war. Yet considering the similarity of the two stones, of the scripts, and also the fact that both fragments speak of warriors, we may presume that they indeed constituted one inscription.

Judging by the fragments of the text, we are dealing with a decree or a law pertaining to economic or military matters, yet the fragments are not large enough to allow an attempt at restoration or a safe guess about the contents.

Frag. 2, line 3. At the end, we may expect a form of the verb ἀναγιγνώσκω (to read), or of the noun ἀναγνώστης (reader).



(cc)© 2017 Askold Ivantchik (edition), Irene Polinskaya (translation)
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