I 44. Tyras. Incertum, 166 C.E.





Marble, white. 

Dimensions (cm)

H. 21.1, W. 17.3, Th. 10.4.

Additional description

The front and back are polished, the other faces are broken off. 

Place of Origin


Find place


Find context

Northeast area of Akkerman, outside the fortress. 

Find circumstances

Found in 1867, during construction works on the shore of the Dniester estuary. 

Modern location


Institution and inventory

Odessa Archaeological Museum, 50504. 


A.I. Ivantchik, August 2006 

Epigraphic field


On the front. Broken off on all sides. H. 18.8, W. 15.6


Deeply and neatly cut, beautiful letters with small serifs. Ligatures, word divisions in the shape of a triangle. Alpha with straight crossbar. 

Letterheights (cm)






166 C.E. 

Dating criteria

Explicit date, palaeography. 


L1. Kondakov 1876, 23; 2. Latyshev 1890, 123-124, № 3; 2.1. IOSPE IV, 6; 2.2. IOSPE I2, 14. 


[---] Ω̣ΝΚΑΥ̣[---]
[--- ἐ]ν̣ τῷ̣ • ι[ρ]´ [• ἔτει---]



EpiDoc (XML)

<div type="edition" xml:lang="grc">
      		<lb n="0"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="line"/>
      		<lb n="1"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><orig>ΔΕ</orig><gap reason="illegible" quantity="1" unit="character"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/>
      		<lb n="2"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/>
            <orig><unclear>Ω</unclear>ΝΚΑ<unclear>Υ</unclear></orig><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/>
      		<lb n="3"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><orig><unclear>Ρ</unclear>ΟΙΣΚΑ</orig><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/>
      		<lb n="4"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/>
            <supplied reason="lost">ἐ</supplied><unclear>ν</unclear> 
      τ<unclear>ῷ</unclear> <g ref="#stop"/>
      <num value="110">ι<supplied reason="lost">ρ</supplied></num> 
      <supplied reason="lost"><g ref="#stop"/> ἔτει</supplied><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/>
      		<lb n="4a"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="line"/>
Apparatus criticus

1: ΔΕ Kondakov; ΔΕ. Latyshev
2: ΩΝΚΑ Kondakov; ΩΝΚΑ Latyshev ΝΚ in ligatura
3: ΟΙΣΚΑ Kondakov; ΟΙΣΚΑ Latyshev
4: ΙΤΩΙ Kondakov; suppl. Latyshev


Not attempted.



The monument was originally in the collection of the University of Novorossiysk, where it was studied by Latyshev in 1883. Kondakov informs us about the place and circumstances of the find.

At the end of line 2: the bottom of a vertical stroke and a left end of a horizontal, which was a decorative crossbar, allowing us to restore an ypsilon. The opening of line 3 preserves a curving stroke, which belonged either to a rho or, less likely, beta.

The inscription resists restoration, except for the last line, which contains a dating formula, apparently, according to the local era of Tyras. Only the first letter of the date, an iota designating the numeral 10, is preserved. Theoretically, we could restore ιρ или ισ, that is, year 110 or 210. The similiarity of the script to that of I 2, dated to 125 C.E., argues in favour of the former option. Our date is therefore 166 C.E. It is a reasonable guess that the inscription was of public nature, e.g. an honorific decree.



(cc) © 2017 Askold Ivantchik (edition), Irene Polinskaya (translation)
You may download this inscription in EpiDoc XML. (This file should validate to the EpiDoc schema.)