I 6. Tyras. Honorific decree, I-II century C.E.

Monument

Type

Panel. 

Material

White marble. 

Dimensions (cm)

H. 11.7, W. 14.1, Th. 8.0.

Additional description

The front is polished, the back is roughly picked, other sides are broken off. 

Place of Origin

Tyras. 

Find place

Belgorod-Dnestrovsky. 

Find context

Secondary context: by the fortress wall. 

Find circumstances

Random find in 1988 by the resident of Belgorod, V.M. Kramchaninov, who handed it over to the authorities. 

Modern location

Odessa. 

Institution and inventory

Odessa Archaeological Museum, 90497. 

Autopsy

August 2007. 

Epigraphic field

Position

On the front, chipped on all sides, the center of the fragment is damaged. H. 10.5, W. 10.7

Lettering

Letters are deeply and carefully cut, apparently over ruled lines, which, however, are not visible on the stone. Small serifs on some letters. Omicron and theta slightly reduced in size. 

Letterheights (cm)

1.0-1.2

Text

Category

Honorific decree. 

Date

I-II century C.E. 

Dating criteria

Palaeography. 

Editions

Ineditum. 

Edition

[---]
[--- ἐκτε]λ̣εσας . [---]
[--- τὰ τῆς π]ό̣λ̣εως συ[μφέροντα ---]
[--- π]ε̣ποίηκ̣ε̣ν Μ [---]
[--- ὑ]πο τοῦ κ̣ρατ[ίστου (vel sim.) ---]
5[---]ΘΟΡΘΩ[---]
[---]Ο̣ΝΟ̣ [---]
[---]

Diplomatic

[---]
[---....].ΕΣΑΣ·[---]
[---......]..ΕΩΣΣΥ[........---]
[---.].ΠΟΙΗ..ΝΜ[---]
[---.]ΠΟΤΟΥ.ΡΑΤ[............---]
5[---]ΘΟΡΘΩ[---]
[---].Ν.[---]
[---]

EpiDoc (XML)

<div type="edition" xml:lang="grc">
   <ab>
      		<lb n="0"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="line"/>
      		<lb n="1"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/> <supplied reason="lost">ἐκτε</supplied><unclear>λ</unclear>εσας
      <gap reason="illegible" quantity="1" unit="character"/> <gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/>
      		<lb n="2"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/> <supplied reason="lost">τὰ</supplied> 
      <supplied reason="lost">τῆς</supplied> <supplied reason="lost">π</supplied><unclear>όλ</unclear>εως 
      συ<supplied reason="lost">μφέροντα</supplied> <gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/>
      		<lb n="3"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/> 
      <supplied reason="lost">π</supplied><unclear>ε</unclear>ποίη<unclear>κε</unclear>ν 
      <orig>Μ</orig> <gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/>
      		<lb n="4"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/>
      <supplied reason="lost">ὑ</supplied>πο τοῦ 
      <unclear>κ</unclear>ρατ<supplied reason="lost">ίστου <note>vel sim.</note></supplied>
      <gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/>
      		<lb n="5"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><orig>ΘΟΡΘΩ</orig><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/>
      		<lb n="6"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><w part="Y"><unclear>Ο</unclear></w><orig>Ν</orig><w part="Y"><unclear>Ο</unclear></w> 
      <gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/>
      		<lb n="6a"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/>
   </ab>
   </div> 
 
Apparatus criticus

Translation

[- - - having comp]leted [- - -] use[ful to the ci]ty [- - - m]ade [- - -] by vir egre[gius - - -]

 

Commentary

The inscription is apparently a fragment of an honorific decree, indicated by the standard formula τὰ τῆς π]ό̣λ̣εως συ[μφέροντα in line 3.

4. Here we probably have a mention of a Roman official or military commander. The word κράτιστος stands for the Latin vir egregius, however, in Greek inscriptions this equivalency is not consistently maintained, and the epithet can be applied to representatives of higher standing e.g. ISM I 378; III 65; IGBulg II 659). In addition, it can be a figurative epithet for δῆμος; in that sense, it is regularly used in Nicopolis on the Istros (e.g IGBulg II 616- 619, etc.), but such usage is uncommon elsehwere in the Northern Black Sea region.

 

Images

(cc) © 2017 Askold Ivantchik (edition), Irene Polinskaya (translation)
You may download this inscription in EpiDoc XML. (This file should validate to the EpiDoc schema.)