I 16. Tyras. Public inscription, II century C.E.

Monument

Type

Panel. 

Material

Marble, white. 

Dimensions (cm)

H. 20.2, W. 19.0, Th. 7.4.

Additional description

The front is polished, the right is carefully worked with the use of tooth chisel (its marks are still visible); the back is roughly picked, the other sides are broken off. The front is considerabley defaced and weathered; the fragment was also rounded by tidal action. 

Place of Origin

Tyras. 

Find place

Belgorod-Dnestrovsky. 

Find context

In secondary context, on the shore of the bay. 

Find circumstances

Random find in 1977; passed on to the museum by V.P. Pushkarev. 

Modern location

Odessa. 

Institution and inventory

Odessa Archaeological Museum, 86820. 

Autopsy

A.I. Ivantchik, August 2007. 

Epigraphic field

Position

On the front. Broken off on all sides except the right; badly weathered and damaged by tidal action in sea water. Margins: right 0,9. H. 19.7, W. 17.7

Lettering

Evenly carved letters, apparently following ruled lines; small serifs, alpha with broken crossbar, cursive mu. Average space between lines: 0,8cm.  

Letterheights (cm)

1.5-1.7

Text

Category

Unknown. 

Date

II century C.E. 

Dating criteria

Palaeography. 

Editions

Ineditum. 

Edition

[---]
[---]Κ̣αίσαρο̣[ς ---]
[---χ]αρακτῆρα̣ .. Ο̣Σ̣[.]
[---]Μ̣ΟΥ̣[... τ]ὴν προ-
[---]Ο̣Ο̣Υ̣ . Η̣ [---]Ι̣ΝΗΣ
5[---]Υ̣Τ̣ [---] Σ vac. 2 litt.
[---] Ι vac. 1 litt.
[---]ΑΤΑ̣ΙΟ
[---]

Diplomatic

[---]
[---].ΑΙΣΑΡ.[.---]
[---.]ΑΡΑΚΤΗΡ.··..[·]
[---].Ο.[···.]ΗΝΠΡΟ
[---]...·.[---].ΝΗΣ
5[---]..[---]Σ    
[---]Ι  
[---]ΑΤ.ΙΟ
[---]

EpiDoc (XML)

<div type="edition" xml:lang="grc">
   <ab>
      		<lb n="0"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="line"/>
      		<lb n="1"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><unclear>Κ</unclear>αίσαρ<unclear>ο</unclear><supplied reason="lost">ς</supplied> 
            <gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/>
      		<lb n="2"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><supplied reason="lost">χ</supplied>αρακτῆρ<unclear>α</unclear> 
            <gap reason="illegible" quantity="2" unit="character"/> <orig><unclear>ΟΣ</unclear></orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="1" unit="character"/>
      		<lb n="3"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><orig><unclear>Μ</unclear>Ο<unclear>Υ</unclear></orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="3" unit="character"/> <supplied reason="lost">τ</supplied>ὴν <w part="I">προ</w>
      		<lb n="4" break="no"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><orig><unclear>ΟΟΥ</unclear></orig> 
            <gap reason="illegible" quantity="1" unit="character"/> <orig><unclear>Η</unclear></orig> <gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><orig><unclear>Ι</unclear>ΝΗΣ</orig>
      		<lb n="5"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><orig><unclear>ΥΤ</unclear></orig> <gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/> 
            <orig>Σ</orig> <space quantity="2" unit="character"/>
      		<lb n="6"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/> <orig>Ι</orig> <space quantity="1" unit="character"/>
      		<lb n="7"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><orig>ΑΤ<unclear>Α</unclear>ΙΟ</orig>
      		<lb n="7a"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="line"/>
   </ab>
   </div> 

Translation

[- - -] of Caesar [- - -] stamp (coin?) [- - -]

 

Commentary

2. The mention of stamped items or coins makes this inscription comparable to I 15, which is, judging by palaeography, also close to it in date. Some differences in lettershapes do not allow us to consider this inscription a fragment of I 15. The use of the word χαρακτῆρα suggests a similarity in the content of the two inscriptions, but their fragmnentary state does not allow us to go any further.

7. Personal name Ἑκαταῖος, in the Nominatie or Genitive, is a likely restoration here.

 

Images

(cc) © 2017 Askold Ivantchik (edition), Irene Polinskaya (translation)
You may download this inscription in EpiDoc XML. (This file should validate to the EpiDoc schema.)