I 17. Tyras. Dedication to Egyptian gods, II-I century B.C.E.
H. 9.5, W. 24.0, Th. 16.2.
The left side is broken off. The front is well worked and smoothed, but not polished; the top and bottom are well worked with the use of tooth chisel. The back is roughly picked.
Place of Origin
Found in Akkerman in 1891 by F.I. Knauer, professor of the University of Kiev. The monument was in the possession of a local resident, Grigory Antonov, according to whom the stone had been discovered in the digging of a pit on his property near the fortress, to the southeast of it.
Institution and inventory
State Historical Museum, 25519, оп. 5/I.
A.I. Ivantchik, September 2009.
On the front. Broken off on the left. Margins: right 0,7; top 1,5; bottom 5,2. H. 2.8, W. 22.8
Neatly cut letters following ruled lines; small serifs. Alpha with broken crossbar; kappa with short diagonals, round omicron, slightly smaller than other letters; pi with short right hasta; ypsilon with outward curving diagonals; Average distance between lines: 0,3cm.
II-I century B.C.E.
L1. Latyshev 1892, 58, n° 1; 2. Latyshev 1895d, 82; 2.1. IOSPE IV, 1; 2.2. IOSPE I2, 5; 2.2.1. Bricault 2005, I, 188, No. 115/0101.
<div type="edition" xml:lang="grc"> <ab> <lb n="1"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/>ς Κρατίνου Σαράπιδι, ῎Ισιδι, <lb n="2"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/> θεοῖς συν<supplied reason="omitted">ν</supplied>άοις χαριστήριον. </ab> </div>
Sonni 1893, 53-55; Latyshev 1893a, 140-142.
2: [᾽Ανούβιδι ?] θεοῖς συν〈ν〉άοις χαριστήριον Bricault
[- - -], son of Kratinos, to Sarapis, Isis [- - -], the gods sharing a temple, a thanks offering.
The stone was passed on to the Imperial Archaeological Commission in 1891, and from there to the State Historical Museum in Moscow, in 1892.
At the start of line 1, we expect the personal name of the dedicant, and at the start of the second - the name of Anubis or Harpokrates, worshipped together with Sarapis and Isis. Such restoration had been proposed by V.V. Latyshev, but he refrained from filling the lacuna, allowing for either possibility and even for both names together (which I consider impossible). Bricault opts for Anubis, even if with a question mark, and this seems the most likely. An attempt of Sonni to downdate the inscription to the Roman period is unconvincing (cf. Latyshev 1893).
The inscrtiption testifies to the spead of the cult of Egyptian gods in the Northern Black Sea area in the hellenistic period. The earliest testimonies for the region (in Histria and Chersonesos) date to the III century C.E. See for more detail, Ivantchik, Samoylova 2007.