V 19. Cherson. Dedication of Theodore, VIth century C.E.
White coarse-grained marble.
H. 33.5, W. 17.5, Th. 4.5.
Inset panel with relief border (decorated with creeping vine and an embossed cross with flaring arms, in a circle). The inset bears a relief cross with flaring arms. Broken off on the left and bottom.
Place of Origin
Northern coast, Church 22 ("Northern basilica")
1893, excavations of K.K. Kostsyushko-Valyuzhinich.
Institution and inventory
State Historical Museum, no inventory number.
October 2004, November 2008.
Carved in corners between the arms of the cross.
Lapidary. Light serifs. Lunate epsilon; Y-shaped and V-shaped upsilon, leaning to the right.
VIth century C.E.
Archaeological context, palaeography.
L1. Latyshev 1895, 22–24, № 29; 1.1. Latyshev 1896, 28–29, № 16; 2. Vinogradov 2006, 290, № 1.
<div type="edition" xml:lang="grc"> <ab> <lb n="1"/><g ref="#stauros"/> <supplied reason="lost">Ὑπ</supplied>ὲρ εὐχῆ<choice><corr>ς</corr><sic>ε</sic></choice> <lb n="2"/><supplied reason="lost">Θεο</supplied>δώρου <lb n="3"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><orig><app type="alternative"><lem><unclear>Σ</unclear></lem><rdg><unclear>Ε</unclear></rdg></app></orig><gap reason="lost" quantity="4" unit="character"/> <lb n="4"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="line"/>. </ab> </div>
For the prayer of [Theo]doros...
On the formula, see IV.2.B.b.
The inscription on a panel of an altar screen (original width ca. 0.52m) is certainly the dedication of a ktitor (who either funded the construction of the church or, less likely, of the altar screen) from an Early Byzantine church - Northern Basilica. Another example of a ktitor's inscription on the altar screen is V 21 from Cherson.
Here we have another possible case of a letter-carver's confusion of sigma and epsilon (see V 18). There is nothing very special about the script, although the rounded lettershapes most likely point to the date of no later than mid-Vith century. Judging by numismatic finds (Kostsyushko-Valyuzhinich 1895, 3, 54), Church 22 dates to the time of Justinian I (see Biernacki, Klenina, Ryzhov 2004, 67).