V 15. Cherson. Building inscription of Chersakoi, VIII – 1st third of IXth century C.E.
H. 42.0, W. 37.0, Th. 23.0.
On the front - rectangular inset panel bearing relief Latin cross with arms ending in serifs. The cross and the letters are painted with ochre. The front surface is weathered.
Place of Origin
Institution and inventory
National Preserve of Tauric Chersonesos, 81/36504.
May 1999, August 2001, September 2002, September 2003, September 2004, September 2005.
Epigraphic field 1
In the top left corner.
Lapidary. Alpha both with broken and slanting crossbar; lunate epsilon; lunate and rectangular sigma; bowl-shaped upsilon.
Epigraphic field 2
In the top right corner.
The same as Text 1.
Epigraphic field 3
In the bottom left corner.
The same as Text 1.
Invocative, demonstrative, building inscription.
VIII – 1st third of IXth century C.E.
Palaeography, formula, terminology.
L1. Vinogradov 2011, 224–227, № 5.
<div type="textpart" subtype="inscription" n="1"> <ab> <lb n="1"/>῏Ο <roleName><expan><abbr>θ</abbr><ex>ε</ex><abbr>έ</abbr></expan></roleName>, <lb n="2"/><unclear>βο</unclear>ή<unclear>θη</unclear>. </ab> </div><div type="textpart" subtype="inscription" n="2"> <ab> <lb n="1"/><supplied reason="lost"><expan><abbr>Ἰ</abbr><ex>ησοῦ</ex><abbr>ς</abbr></expan></supplied> <expan><abbr><unclear>Χ</unclear></abbr><ex>ριστὸ</ex><abbr><supplied reason="lost">ς</supplied></abbr></expan> <lb n="2"/><unclear>νικ</unclear>ᾷ. </ab> </div><div type="textpart" subtype="inscription" n="3"> <ab> <lb n="1"/><g ref="#stauros"/> <unclear>Ἀνέθη</unclear><lb n="2" break="no"/>σα<unclear>ν</unclear> <unclear>οἱ</unclear> Χ<lb n="3" break="no"/>ερσ<unclear>άκε</unclear>ς <lb n="4"/>το<unclear>ῦ</unclear>το. </ab> </div>
O God, help.2
[Jesus] Christ is victoroius.3
Chersakes dedicated this.
The side-by-side use of two types of alpha (with broken crossbar and with slanting crossbar), as well as the use of semicircular epsilon occur in Cherson only in the Xth century (V 67). This dating is supported by the formula used in Text 2 (see IV.3.C.e.).
The invocation "O God, help" is attested in Christian inscriptions thirteen times, according to PHI7 Database.
Concerning the formula, see IV.3.C.e.
1-2. This type of building formula is widely attested, including, as here, the incorrect use of the verbal form (see Studia Pontica 13; Helenopontus), although in our case we cannot exclude a variant - ἀνέστησαν.
The fact that the building inscription is made in the name of the town residents fits well with the textual evidence on the self-governance of Cherson (Sorochan 2005). The most plausible date for the setting up of this inscription is before the creation of the thema. Unfortunately, because its find spot is unknown, it is impossible to tell to which structure the inscription was referring.