I 11. Tyras. Honorific decree (?), III century C.E.

Monument

Type

Panel. 

Material

Marble. 

Dimensions (cm)

Unknown.

Additional description

The front is either planed or polished. Broken off on all sides. 

Place of Origin

Tyras. 

Find place

Belgorod-Dnestrovsky. 

Find context

Trench 22 inside the Southeast Tower of the citadel. 

Find circumstances

Found in 1929, excavations of Nicorescu. 

Modern location

Unknown. 

Institution and inventory

Unknown., no inventory number. 

Epigraphic field

Position

On the front. Broken off on all sides, except the left. 

Lettering

Deeply and carefully cut letters with serifs. Alpha with straight crossbar, rectangular sigma, diamond omicron, angular cursive omega. Ligatures. 

Letterheights (cm)

2.1

Text

Category

Honorific decree (?) 

Date

III century C.E. 

Dating criteria

Palaeography. 

Editions

L1. Nicorescu 1933, 569, No. 5, fig. 4; 1.1. Karyshkovsky 1959, 121, No. 13. 

Edition

[---]
[---]Β̣Α̣ [---ἐπ-]
[ιφ]ανεστερας̣[---]
βουλῆς τε [καὶ δήμου τοῦ Τυρανῶν]
πόλεως [---]
5χρον[---]
Μ̣Α̣Τ̣[---]
[---]

Diplomatic

[---]
[---]..[---..-]
[..]ΑΝΕΣΤΕΡΑ.[---]
ΒΟΥΛΗΣΤΕ[..................]
ΠΟΛΕΩΣ[---]
5ΧΡΟΝ[---]
...[---]
[---]

EpiDoc (XML)

<div type="edition" xml:lang="grc">
   <ab>
      		<lb n="0"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="line"/>
      		<lb n="1"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><orig><unclear>ΒΑ</unclear></orig>
            <gap reason="lost" unit="character" extent="unknown"/><supplied reason="lost">ἐπ</supplied>
      		<lb n="2" break="no"/><supplied reason="lost">ιφ</supplied>ανεστερα<unclear>ς</unclear><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/>
      		<lb n="3"/>βουλῆς τε <supplied reason="lost">καὶ δήμου 
      		   τοῦ Τυρανῶν</supplied>
      		<lb n="4"/>πόλεως <gap reason="lost" unit="character" extent="unknown"/>
      		<lb n="5"/><w part="I">χρον</w><gap reason="lost" unit="character" extent="unknown"/>
      		<lb n="6"/><w part="Y"><unclear>ΜΑΤ</unclear></w><gap reason="lost" unit="character" extent="unknown"/>
      		<lb n="6a"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="line"/>
   </ab>
   </div> 
 
Apparatus criticus

2: ΝΕΣΤΕ in ligatura
3: ΗΣ in ligatura ΤΕ in ligatura
4: ΩΣ in ligatura

Translation

[- - - most il]lustrious [- - -] Council and [People] of the polis of [Tyras - - -] tim[e - - -]

 

Commentary

The fate of this inscription, as well as of the others from the excavations of Nicorescu, is unknown: it has not been possible to locate them in Belgorod, Jasi, or Bucarest.

3-4. The inscription is so badly fragmented that it is impossible to restore a continuous text. The characteristic vocabulary, however, allows us to suggest that it was either an honorific decree or another state honorific inscription.

The proposed restorations seem most likely, but even then the length of the line cannot be established, since ornamental epithets could have modified the word δῆμος in a manner common this period. Other restorations are also possible, e.g. τειμηθέντα vel sim. ὑπὸ τῆς Τυρανῶν] βουλῆς τ[ειμαῖς ταῖς ἀρίσταις vel sim.

5. Here, we may restore some formula with the word "time", common in honorific inscriptions, e.g. ἐκ παλαιῶν] χρόν[ων, εἰς τὸν ἅπαντα] χρόν[ον vel sim.

 

Images

(cc) © 2017 Askold Ivantchik (edition), Irene Polinskaya (translation)
You may download this inscription in EpiDoc XML. (This file should validate to the EpiDoc schema.)