V 42. Cherson. Inscribed wall block, XIIth century C.E.
H. 31.0, W. 23.0, Th. 22.0.
On the front is a relief foliate cross, with teardrops and discs at the ends of flaring arms. The end of the right arm is chipped.
Place of Origin
Institution and inventory
National Preserve of Tauric Chersonesos, 3494.
May 1999, August 2001, September 2002, September 2003, September 2004, September 2005, September 2006, September 2007.
Epigraphic field 1
On the discs at the ends of arms (counter clockwise).
XIIth century C.E.
L1. Latyshev 1908, 33–34, № 29; 2. Shangin 1938, 84, № 13.
<div type="textpart" subtype="inscription" n="1"> <ab> <lb n="1"/><expan><abbr>Φ</abbr><ex>ῶς</ex></expan> <lb n="2"/><expan><abbr>Χ</abbr><ex>ριστοῦ</ex></expan> <lb n="3"/><expan><abbr>φ</abbr><ex>αίνει</ex></expan> <lb n="4"/><expan><abbr><supplied reason="lost">π</supplied></abbr><ex>ᾶσιν</ex></expan>. </ab> </div>
3-4: φ(ωτίζει) π(άντας) Shangin
The Light of Christ shines [for all].
The stone was part of the exhibition 'Byzantine Chersonesos' (Moscow, 1991; Chichurov 1991, 82, no. 81). The shape of the cross resembles that from a panel found in Quarter XXV of Chersonesos (Belov 1941, 243, drawing 69).
On the formula, see IV.3.C.a.
Epigraphic field 2
On either side of the top arm of the cross.
Lapidary. Minuscule zeta, lambda with projecting right hasta, У-shaped upslion, chi with curved right diagonal.
XIIth century C.E.
L1. Shangin 1938, 84, № 13.
<div type="textpart" subtype="inscription" n="2"> <ab> <lb n="1"/>Φεῦγε, ζῆλ<supplied reason="lost">ε</supplied>. <lb n="2"/><expan><abbr>Χ</abbr><ex>ριστό</ex><abbr>ς</abbr></expan> σε <expan><abbr>δηόχν</abbr><ex>ει</ex></expan>. </ab> </div>
2: δηόχν[ει] Shangin
Flee, envy, Christ chases you away.
In Latyshev's archive (Archive of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg Branch, f. 110, op. 1, d. 18, Л. 8), I found a draft of an article which shows his attempts to read the second inscription.
The inscription is most definitely apotropaic in function. On the formula, see Introduction IV.3.D.a. Nothing points to the funerary function, as had been suggested by Shangin 1938.
2. The form διώχνω is attested in the Byzantine period, e.g., in the Alexander romance (recensions F, E, V, K, and φ).