V 268. Pantikapaion. Epitaph of Adelphis, IV–Vth centuries C.E.
H. 38.0, W. 61.0, Th. 16.0.
On the front, in the centre - carved cross-Christogram with flaring arms (except the bottom one). The bottom is missing.
Place of Origin
Mithridates Hill, north slope, west of the city cemetery (near modern Pugachevsky lanes).
1878, excavations of A.E. Lyutsenko.
Institution and inventory
State Historical Museum, no inventory number.
On either side of the cross.
Lapidary. Alpha with broken crossbar, rectangular epsilon.
IV–Vth centuries C.E.
L1. Kulakovsky 1891, 29–30, № 4; 1.1. Latyshev 1891, 403; 2. Latyshev 1896, 89–90, № 88; 2.1. Diatroptov, Yemets 1995, № 6.
1: Ἐνθα(δε) sic! Diatroptov
2: Ἀδελφή resp. ἀδελφή Latyshev
Here lies Adelphis.
After the discovery (Stefani 1880, 134, № 9), the monument was sent to the State Historical Museum. The old photo is preserved at the Photo Archive of the Institute for History of Material Culture, Russian Academy of Sciences (Q.759.72; I–90980).
1–2. On the formula, see Introduction IV.3.F.d.
3. The first two words were read by Kulakovsky (1891b, 30), the last by Latyshev. The latter observed that Adelpha could be a Christian nickname "sister" (but no such examples unaccompanied by a personal name are attested) or, more likely, a personal name. Latyshev's reading, however, contained errors, probably as a result of a bad photograph (on the other old photo - see above - the name is very clear) - in reality, the stone shows the name Ἀδελφίς. Such a female name is not known, but a Chrstian name Adelphis (Feissel 1983, № 6 (IIIrd century)), and possibly even Adelphos (Bull. epigr. 71, № 703) are known. On the transition of endings in -ιος to –ις, see Tokhtasiev 2007.