V 121. Bakla. Inscription of –ephronos, The–, –oulenos, and others, XIII–XVth centuries C.E.
H. 10.0, W. 13.5, Th. 5.5.
Inset panel with carved inscription. Broken on all sides, except the right.
Place of Origin
Foot of Bakla hill.
Before 1889, chance find of S. Avlakhov.
Institution and inventory
Inside the inset field.
Lapidary, bouletée, letters of varying heights, slightly leaning to the right. Kappa with free-standing vertical, lambda with capping horizontal bar. Ligature omicron-upsilon. Ligature omicron-upsilon.
XIII–XVth centuries C.E.
L1. Latyshev 1896, 63, № 55.
<div type="edition" xml:lang="grc"> <ab> <lb/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="line"/> <lb n="1"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/><seg part="F">εφρόνου</seg>, Θε<lb n="2" break="no"/><supplied reason="lost" cert="low">όδωρος</supplied>, <supplied reason="lost" cert="low">Πα</supplied>ουλήνις Θε<lb n="3" break="no"/><supplied reason="lost">οδ</supplied>όρου, Ἄνις <certainty locus="value" match=".." cert="low"/> Σοτιρίκου, <lb n="4"/><supplied reason="lost" cert="low">Ἄν</supplied>ις Κυριακοῦ, Ἄνις <certainty locus="value" match=".." cert="low"/> <lb n="5"/><supplied reason="lost">Σοτη</supplied>ρίκου, Λεόντι<supplied reason="lost">ς</supplied> <lb n="6"/><supplied reason="lost">Γρ</supplied>ιγορί<supplied reason="lost">ου</supplied>, <lb/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="line"/>. </ab> </div>
1: ἐφ᾿ ὧν Latyshev
2: δούλην· ἰς δέ Latyshev
3: ωρούων ἰς Latyshev
4: [...]ις Κυριακοῦ, ἀνισ- Latyshev
5: δούλην· ἰς δέ- Latyshev
6: γὰρ Latyshev
[...], son of [...]ephronos, Theodore (?), [Pa]ulinis (?), son of Theodore, Anis, son of Soterikos, Anis, son of Kyriakos, Anis, son of Soterikos, Leontis, son of Gregory.
The stone was bought by A.O. Kashpar in the village of Mangush (modern Prokhladnoye), taken to the museum, and thence sent to Latyshev for publication. It was found among the burial vaults of Bakla, along with a small pitcher, an axe, a small cross, a bead, a plank from a coffin, a fragment of a plow and burned wheat grains (Markevich 1889). The photograph published here is from the Photo Archive, Institute for the History of Material Culture, Russian Academy of Sciences (Q.759.76).
Since there is no other content apart from given names and patronymics, the function of this inscription remains unclear. On the name Anis-Yanis-Ioannes, see commentary to V 108; on the name Soterikos, see commentary to V 160; on the name Kyriakos, see commentary to V 72; on the name Gregory, see commentary to V 27. The name Leontis is not attested in Crimea, but is known from synaxaria (see Delehaye 1902, 1119–1120). The third name, which is not fully preserved (-oulenis), could have been (Pa)ulinis, a variant of Paulinos.