I 31. Tyras. List of names, 2nd half or late III century B.C.E.

Monument

Type

Panel. 

Material

Marble, yellowish, fine-grained. 

Dimensions (cm)

H. 9.2, W. 13.0, Th. 3.5.

Additional description

Left side of a panel. Broken off on all sides except the left. 

Place of Origin

Tyras. 

Find place

Belgorod-Dnestrovsky. 

Find context

At the depth of 8m from the surface, in the fill of the basement of a Hellenistic house (grid square 12). 

Find circumstances

Found in 1960, excavations og A.I. Furmanskaya (Inv. № 354). 

Modern location

Unknown. 

Institution and inventory

Unknown., no inventory number. 

Epigraphic field

Position

On the front. Broken off on all sides except the left. 

Lettering

Pi with a shortened right hasta. 

Letterheights (cm)

0.6-0.8

Text

Category

List of names. 

Date

2nd half or late III century B.C.E. 

Dating criteria

Palaeography. 

Editions

L1. Furmanskaya 1964, 62, рис. 2,8; 2. Karyshkovsky 1966, 152-153. 

Edition

[---]
[Π]ε̣ρ̣ι̣κλ̣[ῆς resp. έως ---]
Εὐκλέω[ς ---]
Τιμόθεος [---]
Ποσειδώνι[ος resp. ιου ---]
5Αὐτοκλῆς Ἀπ[---]
Ἀπολλώνιος Χρ̣[---]
Ἡρώιδα̣, Ἀ̣π̣ο̣[---]
[---]

Diplomatic

[---]
[.]...Κ.[..---]
ΕΥΚΛΕΩ[. ---]
ΤΙΜΟΘΕΟΣ[---]
ΠΟΣΕΙΔΩΝΙ[..---]
5ΑΥΤΟΚΛΗΣΑΠ[---]
ΑΠΟΛΛΩΝΙΟΣΧ.[---]
ΗΡΩΙΔ....[---]
[---]

EpiDoc (XML)

<div type="edition" xml:lang="grc">
   <ab>
      		<lb n="0"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/>
      		<lb n="1"/><supplied reason="lost">Π</supplied><unclear>ερι</unclear>κ<unclear>λ</unclear><supplied reason="lost"><app type="alternative"><lem>ῆς</lem><rdg>έως</rdg></app></supplied>
            <gap reason="lost" unit="character" extent="unknown"/>
      		<lb n="2"/>Εὐκλέω<supplied reason="lost">ς</supplied>
      		    <gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/>
      		<lb n="3"/>Τιμόθεος
      <gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/>
      		<lb n="4"/>
      		   Ποσειδώνι<supplied reason="lost"><app type="alternative"><lem>ος</lem><rdg>ιου</rdg></app></supplied> 
              <gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/>
      		<lb n="5"/>Αὐτοκλῆς <seg part="I">Ἀπ</seg><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/>
      		<lb n="6"/>Ἀπολλώνιος <seg part="I">Χ<unclear>ρ</unclear></seg><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/>
         <lb n="7"/>Ἡρώιδ<unclear>α</unclear>, 
               <seg part="I"><unclear>Ἀπο</unclear></seg><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/>
      		<lb n="7a"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/>
   </ab>
   </div> 
 
Apparatus criticus

5: Ἀπ[ολλωνίου ? Karyshkovsky ; Ἀπ[ολλωνίου ? Karyshkovsky
6: Χ[ρητίωνος ?- - -] Karyshkovsky
7: ᾽Απ[ολλώνιος ? Karyshkovsky

Translation

Perikles (?) [or (son of) Perikles), [- - -] (son of) Eukles [- - -] Timotheos [- - -] Poseidonios [or (son of) Poseidonios][- - -], Autokles, (son of) Ap[- - -], Apollonios, (son of) Chr[- - -] Heroidas, Απo[- - -]

 

Commentary

The inscription was at some point in Kiev, either in the Museum or in the Repository of Material Objects, Institute of Archaeology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, however I was not able to locate it.

Karyshkovsky believed that the fragment constituted the final part of a decree and contained the list of names "of those who sealed it," as in the decree of Kokkeios (I 2), dated to 181 B.C.E. This suggestion is easily assailable due to the large chronological gap between the two monuments: we have no grounds for expecting no change in the political institutions of Tyras over the period of 400 years. It is safer not to attempt to identify the document type beyond a generic "list of names."

1. The restoration of the name Perikles is almost certain, although in principle other names, such as Περικλείδης or Περίκλυτος, are possible. It is unclear whether the name was in the Nominative or Genitive (being, in that case, a patronymic).

5-7. The restorations of names, from which only the first two letters or other fragments are preserved, are approximate - the possibilities are too many to list.

All fully preserved names are Greek.

 

Images

(cc) © 2017 Askold Ivantchik (edition), Irene Polinskaya (translation)
You may download this inscription in EpiDoc XML. (This file should validate to the EpiDoc schema.)