I 22. Tyras. Dedicatory inscription, II-III century C.E.

Monument

Type

Panel. 

Material

Marble. 

Additional description

One-line inscription placed above the relief (image is unclear), on its top framing border. The front is polished, the top is treated summarily, the rest are broken off. The epigraphic field turns into an incline plane sloping down towards the relief, and there is a similar, but narrower, incline sloping towards the flat area above; both slopes are polished. Two joining fragments. 

Place of Origin

Tyras. 

Fragment 1

Dimensions (cm)

H. 3.8, W. 4.1, Th. 1.6.

Find place

Belgorod-Dnestrovsky. 

Find context

In the eroded cliffside; in secondary context. 

Find circumstances

In 2006, field catalogue number БТЭ-06, ЦР № 124, п.м. 

Modern location

Odessa. 

Institution and inventory

Odessa Archaeological Museum, 93468. 

Fragment 2

Dimensions (cm)

H. 8.7, W. 6.6, Th. 5.0.

Find place

Belgorod-Dnestrovsky. 

Find context

Central Trench; in secondary context. 

Find circumstances

Found in 2001, excavations of T.L. Samoylova. Field catalogue number БТЭ-01, с. 24, № 155. 

Modern location

Odessa. 

Institution and inventory

Odessa Archaeological Museum, 92922. 

Epigraphic field

Position

On the front, above the relief. Broken off on the right and left. Margins: top and bottom 0,4cm. H. 1.8, W. 7.5

Lettering

Neatly and evenly cut letters, following ruled lines; adorned with serifs. Alpha with straight crossbar, ypsilon with decorative horizontal. 

Letterheights (cm)

1.6-1.7

Text

Category

Dedicatory inscription. 

Date

II-III century C.E. 

Dating criteria

Palaeography. 

Editions

Ineditum. 

Edition

[Ἥρωι Πρ]ο̣πυλαί̣[ῳ ---]
[---]

Diplomatic

[......].ΠΥΛΑ.[.---]
[---]

EpiDoc (XML)

<div type="edition" xml:lang="grc">
   <ab>
      		<lb n="1"/><supplied reason="lost">Ἥρωι</supplied> 
            <supplied reason="lost">Πρ</supplied><unclear>ο</unclear>πυλα<unclear>ί</unclear><supplied reason="lost">ῳ</supplied> 
            <gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="character"/>
      		<lb n="1a"/><gap reason="lost" extent="unknown" unit="line"/>
   </ab>
   </div> 
 
Apparatus criticus

Translation

[To Hero Pro]pyla[ios - - -]

 

Commentary

The restoration is based on comparanda from the Western Black Sea region - dedications of similar type on Roman reliefs: IGBulg I2, 291(2); 350; 358; III,2, 1768; 1770 {(Odessos, Mesambria, Augusta Trajana)}. In three cases, as on the one from Tyras, the first line of text with the name of the hero was placed above the relief, and the second below it. Apparently, the cult of Hero Propylaios is particularly chracteristic of the Western Black Sea region, although other deities (Apollo, Artemis, Hekate, Hermes, Herakles) with the same epithet are attested by epigraphic evidence in many places.

 

Images

(cc) © 2017 Askold Ivantchik (edition), Irene Polinskaya (translation)
You may download this inscription in EpiDoc XML. (This file should validate to the EpiDoc schema.)